Best Stump Grinder Teeth

The best Stump Grinder Teeth was reviewed online. To see the products, click here. I ranked them by their popularity. There is a list of what you should know. The most successful ones were chosen.

 


We did hours of research to find the most relevant Stump Grinder Teeth. After reading all of the resources, here are some of our top-rated products that you can learn more about, as well as where they are heading with their newest products. The best models on the market were discovered by us.

Best Stump Grinder Teeth

700 Series Greenteeth 10 Pack (Wearsharp)

$93.99  in stock
2 new from $89.50
Amazon.com
as of August 28, 2022 10:26 am

Features

  • The unique design of our Wearsharp allows the tooth to retain a sharp cutting surface, unlike traditional teeth that tend to round over. This provides a consistent cut throughout the life of the tooth, allowing you to maintain a faster sweep speed. More durable than the green and greater production than the red
  • Three-sided tooth designed for use with our 700 series LoPro pockets.
  • Comes with nut and spacer.
  • Package of 10

PowerKing Full Set Of 9 Carbide High Speed Cutting Teeth Mtg Hwr Included PK080308

$167.91  in stock
3 new from $167.91
Amazon.com
as of August 28, 2022 10:26 am

Features

Part NumberPK080308

12 Pack 500 Series 1/2" Stump Grinder Teeth Your Choice Left Right Center

$89.52  in stock
Amazon.com
as of August 28, 2022 10:26 am

Features

  • 1/2" Stump Grinder Teeth

Stump Grinder Teeth For Toro STX 26 And STX 38 Stumpgrinder Green Teeth

$200.06  in stock
Amazon.com
as of August 28, 2022 10:26 am

Features

Part Numbergreenteeth
ColorGrey
Sizeonly one size

525435303 Stump Grinder Teeth

$94.99  in stock
2 new from $94.99
Amazon.com
as of August 28, 2022 10:26 am

Features

  • Fits: Husqvarna: SG 13 B, SG 13, HB
  • Replaces OEM Part Number(s): 525435303

1/2 inch stump grinder Pinteeth - 24 pack (Normal and Rocky Soil)

$119.00  in stock
Amazon.com
as of August 28, 2022 10:26 am

Features

  • 1/2 inch Pinteeth
  • Ideal for machines 50HP diesel/65HP gas or less
  • 24 Pack consists of 10 Right, 10 Left and 4 Straight Pinteeth.
  • Rocky Soil option has standard carbide for rock and stone ground condition
  • Sand and Clay option has hard carbide for sand and clay ground conditions

Stump grinder teeth for Toro SGR 13 and 6 stumpgrinder green teeth

$100.26  in stock
Amazon.com
as of August 28, 2022 10:26 am

Features

  • Selling 6 green teeth that are made for the Toro SGR 13 and 6 stumpgrinder (these only work on existing sgr 13 or 6's that currently use green teeth, if your machine uses quadrablades these teeth will not work). These teeth are new and are oem. They can be turned twice for a total of three new cutting areas per tooth

7" Green Grinding Wheel for Sharpening Stump Cutter Teeth

$70.28  in stock
Amazon.com
as of August 28, 2022 10:26 am

Features

  • MOLEMAB GRINDING WHEEL 7" X 3/4" GREENWHEEL

6" Green Grinding Wheel for sharpening Stump Cutter Teeth

$57.40  in stock
Amazon.com
as of August 28, 2022 10:26 am

Features

  • MOLEMAB GRINDING WHEEL 6" X 3/4" GREENWHEEL

Toro 120-1276 QUADRABLADE ASM OEM

$173.44  in stock
3 new from $164.04
Amazon.com
as of August 28, 2022 10:26 am

Features

  • quadrablades for your US Praxis or Toro Handlebar Stumpgrinder

Greenteeth Performance Upgrade Kit for Vermeer SC 252, 292, and 362

$140.10  in stock
Amazon.com
as of August 28, 2022 10:26 am

Features

  • Boost your machine’s performance with one of our Upgrade Kits!
  • The separation between the teeth allows your machine to regain RPM before starting the next cut.
  • Fewer parts to maintain than a traditional setup.
  • Uses 900 Wearsharp teeth (926-WS2)

900TH-G 900 Series Greenteeth 10 Pack (Three-sided, Green)

$109.50  in stock
Amazon.com
as of August 28, 2022 10:26 am

Features

  • Green (Standard Dish) provide more impact resistance, however, offer a slower cut when compared to the Red.
  • Three-sided tooth designed for use with the 900 series LoPro Pockets
  • Tooth comes with nut and spacer
  • Package of 10

500 Series Greenteeth 10 Pack (Green)

$79.99  in stock
2 new from $69.50
Amazon.com
as of August 28, 2022 10:26 am

Features

  • Green (Standard Dish) provide more impact resistance, however, offer a slower cut when compared to the Red.
  • Three-sided tooth designed for use with the 500 series LoPro Pockets
  • Comes with nut and spacer
  • Package of 10

Notch Tri-Guard

$329.99  in stock
10 new from $319.99
Free shipping
Amazon.com
as of August 28, 2022 10:26 am

Features

  • Alerts bystanders to danger zone
  • Minimizes risk of flying debris
  • Each of the 3 panels measure 40.5" by 45.5"
  • One time Assembly required
  • Folds flat to 7 inches

Greenteeth 1/4" 80 Grit Diamond Wheel

$99.99  in stock
Amazon.com
as of August 28, 2022 10:26 am

Features

  • Greenteeth 1/4" 80 Grit R100 Diamond Wheel

1/2 inch Stump Grinder Pinteeth - 12 pack (Normal and Rocky Soil)

$67.00  in stock
Amazon.com
as of August 28, 2022 10:26 am

Features

  • 1/2 inch Pinteeth
  • Ideal for machines 50HP diesel/65HP gas or less
  • 12 Pack consists of 5 Right, 5 Left and 2 Straight Pinteeth.
  • Rocky Soil option has standard carbide for rock and stone ground condition
  • Sand and Clay option has hard carbide for sand and clay ground conditions

1100 Series Greenteeth 10 Pack (Green)

$139.99  in stock
2 new from $139.50
Amazon.com
as of August 28, 2022 10:26 am

Features

  • Green (Standard Dish) provide more impact resistance, however, offer a slower cut when compared to the Red.
  • Three-sided tooth designed for use with our 1100 series pockets.
  • Comes with nut
  • Package of 10

SuperHandy Mini Wood Chipper Shredder Mulcher Heavy Duty 7HP Compact Design 3" Inch Max Capacity

$639.99  in stock
Amazon.com
as of August 28, 2022 10:26 am

Features

  • EFFICIENT PERFORMANCE - This Mini Wood Chipper Shredder Mulcher design has a Reduction Ratio of 15:1, capable of high volume Chipping/Shredding/Mulching via the Large Extended Feeding Chute for up to 3" MAX branches, limbs & garden debris. CR12MoV cutting blades (x2) debris
  • UNIQUE DESIGN - Built to be compact and lighter than other steel chippers, this design has a highly desirable Vertical Extended Discharge Chute with Adjustable Discharge Guide to deliver accurate debris discharge, with a angled range of 90°-145° degrees
  • POWERFUL - This Chippers powerful recoil starting 7HP Horizontal 4-stroke Single Cylinder OHV Gas Powered Engine, handles up to 3" diameter wood without a problem; Fuel w/ 87+ unleaded gasoline (NO ETHANOL recommended), 0.7 gallons Max capacity. Max speed: 3600RPM,Max torque: 9.14ft-lbs@2500RPM (ENGINE OIL NOT INCLUDED)
  • SAFETY - Always operate according to directions outlined in the user manual, always wear the appropriate hand and eye protection; This machine is EPA/CARB Certified
  • BEST APPLICATION; Use for Forestry, Gardens, Landscaping or Green Waste Recycling to chip tree branches/limbs, shred brush, mulch leaves, and corn stocks; DO NOT use for: fresh greens, pine cones, palm branches (fronds will jam), petrified wood or vines. Can be used to aid in fire prevention and building firebreaks.

GreatCircleUSA Wood Chipper Shredder Mulcher Heavy Duty Gas Powered 3 in 1 Multi-Function 3" Inch Max Wood Diameter Capacity EPA/CARB Certified Aids in Fire Prevention - Building a Firebreak

$699.99  in stock
3 new from $699.99
Free shipping
Amazon.com
as of August 28, 2022 10:26 am

Features

  • MULTI-FUNCTION CAPABILITY - This 3-in-1 Wood Chipper Shredder Mulcher design has a Reduction Ratio of 15:1 when using the top Hopper for 1/2" MAX volume Chipping/Shredding; Side Chute for 3" MAX branch/limbs, or the attachable leaf vacuum for mulching. professional design w/ CR12MoV cutting blades.
  • POWERFUL - This Chippers powerful recoil starting 7HP Horizontal 4-stroke Single Cylinder OHV Gas Powered Engine, handles up to 3" diameter wood without a problem; Fuel w/ 87+ unleaded gasoline (NO ETHANOL recommended), 0.7 gallons Max capacity. Max speed: 3600RPM,Max torque: 9.14ft-lbs@2500RPM
  • EFFICIENT DESIGN - Hookup your favorite: ATV, lawn mower or small tractor, for easy transportation with a Tow Bar Kit (SOLD SEPARATELY) and use the vacuum inlet for easy leaf mulching with a Vacuum Kit (SOLD SEPARATELY)
  • SAFETY - Always operate according to directions outlined in the user manual, always wear the appropriate hand and eye protection; Can be used to aid in fire prevention and building firebreaks; This machine is EPA/CARB Certified
  • BEST APPLICATION - Use for Forestry, Gardens, Landscaping or Green Waste Recycling to chip tree branches/limbs, shred brush, mulch leaves and corn stocks; DO NOT use for: fresh greens, pine cones, palm branches (fronds will jam), petrified wood or vines

Aodaer 4 Pieces Angle Grinding Wheel 6 Teeth Wood Turbo Carving Disc Grinder Chain Disc in 22 Teeth Wood Polishing Shaping Disc for Wood Cutting and Polishing Sanding Carving Grinding Wheel Plate

$34.99
$29.99
 in stock
Amazon.com
as of August 28, 2022 10:26 am

Features

  • Dimensions: please check the size if the dimensions suit your needs before buying; the outside diameter of the wood shaping disc is about 2.55 inches/6.5 cm and its the hole is 0.63 inch/1.6 cm; the 22 grinder chain disc is 4 inches/10 cm in diameter; the angle grinder disc has a diameter of 3.3 inches/8.4 cm, an inside diameter of the hole is 0.63 inch/1.6 cm; wood turbo carving disc has a diameter of 3.54 inches/9 cm, an inside diameter of the hole is 0.63 inch/1.6 cm
  • Reliable material: angle grinder disc is made of tungsten carbide, sturdy and durable, not easily fractured or deformed; the 6 teeth wood carving disc is made of heavy-duty carbide, which makes the tool more durable, abrasion resistant, and have anti-blocking function; the grinder chain disc has good rust and corrosion resistance, can be applied for a long time
  • Improve efficiency: the angle grinder disc is made of hundreds of sharp teeth that quickly remove residues and are more durable, saving you time and effort; wood turbo carving disc and wood shaping disc cutting is fast and efficient, and helping you to achieve higher productivity
  • Multi-purpose utility tools: wood carving disc and 22 teeth grinder chain disc are only applied to non-metallic items or materials, can be used for wood, easy to operate, used for polishing, carving, grinding, cutting the fine woodworking tools; multi-functional woodworking tools to meet your various requirements
  • Package content: 1 piece of 22 teeth grinder chain disc, 1 piece of 6 teeth wood turbo carving disc, 1 angle grinder disc, 1 piece of 12 teeth wood shaping disc, which can quickly remove waste, and has the function of quick removal and shaping, they can be combined in many ways to meet your different needs

5-PACK Chainsaw Wheel 5/8" Arbor Compatible with All 4-1/2 Angle Grinders, 4 Inch 100/115 Grinder wood carving chain Saw Disc, 22 Teeth for Cutting Carving Shaping Wood

$35.99  in stock
1 used from $29.69
Free shipping
Amazon.com
as of August 28, 2022 10:26 am

Features

  • Fits For 4" (100mm) or 4-1/2" (115mm) and 125mm metric angle grinders. Squire is a smaller version. These blades are used on disc or angle grinders.
  • 22 teeth leaves a smoother "finished" surface for minimal sanding.Chains can be resharpened using a chain saw file or replaced. Easily cuts the hardest woods regardless of grain or knots.
  • Cuts everything from hardwood,plastics and other soft materials.Great for curved work,cutting sculpting, gauging and channeling
  • Should the blade hit a nail or piece of wire in wood, on most occasions it will cut through the obstruction. If not, the impact will cause the chain to stop while the discs rotate giving the user a warning to stop the angle grinder. This is a major safety feature which virtually eliminates kickback and binding. All our chains are easily sharpened with a 5/32" (4mm) chain saw file.

3 Panels Safety Barricade 5.8FT Foldable Security Sign Barrier Gate with Heavy Duty PVC Frame High Visibility Caution Symbol Crowd Control Restricted Area Pedestrian Barricade Traffic Fence Black

$64.85  in stock
Amazon.com
as of August 28, 2022 10:26 am

Features

  • 【Bulit to Last】Our 3 Panels multifunctional fabric fence are made of high density 600D oxford which is coated with waterproof coating to increases tear resistance and effectively prevent small amount of liquid from leaking into the fabric!Constructed of high strength 1" diameter PVC tube which is incredibly durable and impact resistant,high pressure resistant,scratch resistant.UV blocking function prolongs the service life underneath the hot sun and/or in wet weather without fading or rusting.
  • 【5.8FT in Length and 3.2FT in Height】The safety barricade system comes with 3 detachable panels in 23"length and 39" heigh.With the butterfly connect locks,you can connect multiple barriers together to form any width or shape,or divide the barriers into two or three panels,adjust the barricade as desired for the amount of coverage needed,you can get max 70 inches width when fully extended,quickly establish a temporary restricted area to prevent staff or pedestrian from entering in!
  • 【Easy to assemble&Fold in Seconds】The mobile safety barrier is easy to assemble.All the necessary tools are included!This is a perfect safety warning barricade,it only takes a few seconds to complete the folding,the size is only 23"L and 39"H after folded,when you're not using it,you can lean it against the wall or hide it in a corner!Light weight makes it convenient to carry,transport and store!The portable caution barricade is a cost effective tool to protect pedestrians from hazardous areas
  • 【Highly Visible Barrier】Reliancer black flexible barriers guard is built to withstand the demands of the toughest environments,it can be used both indoors and outdoors.Black color make the barrier gate more eye-catching,send a clear message that an area is off-limits or dangerous,ensure all hazardous areas are separated by our highly visible safety barrie!Ideal for crowd control and emergency isolation,great for grand openings,shopping malls,supermarkets,exhibition halls,office,restaurant,hotel
  • 【Multipurpose Use】Our safety barricades are ideal for creating an effective barrier in pedestrian traffic zones and work zones,separating crowds from entering restricted areas,creating awareness to potential hazards.Great for security elevator and escalator maintenance,construction area,electrical safety.Useful for maintenance workers,repairmen,and other professionals.Used at manufacturing facilities, subways,bus stations,airports ,warehouses,military bases,schools,hospitals,municipalities

chainsaw mill Portable Chainsaw mill 36" Inch steel and Aluminum Planking Milling Bar Size Cutting Milling

$115.99  in stock
Amazon.com
as of August 28, 2022 10:26 am

Features

  • High Quality, steel and Aluminum Construction,Lighter and stronger
  • Chainsaw mill 36 inch length fits chainsaw bar length 10"-36”
  • Chain Saw Mill works for 36" diameter logs, Planking Milling Height & Width Adjustable
  • lightweight and tough tool; Turning your chain saw mill to a portable milling machine.you can mill your own lumber at home or in the woods
  • 100% Satisfaction Guarantee. lifetime warranty

Greenteeth 900 Series LoPro Pocket (Angle)

$9.95  in stock
Amazon.com
as of August 28, 2022 10:26 am

Features

  • For use with the 900 series Greenteeth and LoPro bolts
  • Grade 8 heat-treated
  • Made from 4140 tool steel
  • Has one of the largest surface contact area in the industry
  • Slim design allows for a 3/4" clearance between the side of the pocket and the stump. This clearance prevents the pocket from rubbing against the stump, which reduces pocket wear and improves overall performance.

DEWALT Angle Grinder Tool, Paddle Switch, 4-1/2-Inch, 11-Amp (DWE402) , Black

$129.00
$107.95
 in stock
16 new from $107.95
1 used from $99.99
Amazon.com
as of August 28, 2022 10:26 am

Features

  • Next Generation 11 Amp AC/DC 11,000 RPM motor of angle grinder provides the best power to weight/size ratio available
  • Dust Ejection System provides durability by ejecting damaging dust and debris particles that enter the metal grinder
  • Oversized brushes of this DEWALT angle grinder provide 2 times brush life over previous model (D28402)
  • Large spiral bevel gear provides long transmission life
  • One-Touch Guard allows for 360 degree rotation of the guard with a single action

Chainsaw disc/Stump Remover/Stump Grinder/Wood Carving Disc for 4'' or 4"-1/2" Angle Grinder, 5/8" Arbor,Chromium Plating Reinforcement,Shaping and Cutting Disk (Orange, 4Inch22Teeth)

 out of stock
Amazon.com
as of August 28, 2022 10:26 am

Features

  • The product has been sold out and will be back on sale by this Friday, August 26th.Welcome to visit SchuhRia again.Thank you.

CARLTON POLY CHAIN STUMP GRINDER BELT 0400112 400112 2400 2500 2600 SP4012

$164.99  in stock
Amazon.com
as of August 28, 2022 10:26 am

Features

  • FITS MODELS -SP4012, 2300-4, 2400-4, 2500-5

Thin Slim Soft Custom Teeth Night Guard - Teeth Grinding - Teeth Clenching Dental Guard - Slim Thin Fit for Small Mouth - Great for Day Or Night Use - for Upper Teeth - Bruxism Mouth Guard

$79.99  in stock
Amazon.com
as of August 28, 2022 10:26 am

Features

  • Thin Soft Slim 2mm Custom Teeth Night Guard: Slim fitting for comfort, small mouth. For UPPER TEETH. For light to moderate teeth grinding, teeth clenching, bruxism.
  • Great For Day or Night Use: The thin slim fitting soft guard is an excellent choice for day use for teeth clenching or night use for teeth grinding and clenching.
  • Experience: Order dental lab direct from a lab with over 10 years experience in fabricating custom dental guards.
  • Attention To Detail: Each and every teeth guard is hand made with attention to detail to ensure a precise fitting teeth guard.
  • Quality and Guarantee: Not a cheap boil and bite bulky mouth guard - What you receive is a professional custom teeth grinding guard that fits exact to your teeth - 100% SATISFACTION GUARANTEE - UNLIMITED ADJUSTMENTS(97% of time fits perfect right away) - WE WILL DO WHATEVER IT TAKES TO MAKE SURE YOUR A SATISFIED CUSTOMER

4 Pieces 5/8 Inch Wood Carving Chain Disc, 4 Inch 22 Teeth Saw Blade with 3 Pieces Replacement Circlets for Grinder Chain Disc Grinding Shaping Attachment Circular Chainsaw Wheel (Pink Center)

$12.99  in stock
Amazon.com
as of August 28, 2022 10:26 am

Features

  • What you get: the package includes 1 piece wooden carving chain disc, comes with 3 replacement circlets, sufficient quantity to meet your daily use and replacement, and provide you with a complete combination for improving your work efficiency
  • Fast stock removal: the 22-tooth wood carving chain disc helps you to polish a smooth surface, reducing the amount of fine polishing required; You can use the 22 teeth saw blade to chip directly into the wood; The 5/8 inch (16 mm) wood carving blade plate is suitable for 4 inch (100 mm) or 4-1/2 inch (115 mm) angle grinder
  • Replaceable chain: if your chainsaw grinding wheel accessory becomes blunt while working, you can quickly replace the chain with the additional chain attached to this woodworking cutter for easy and easy use so that you can continue to work and then sharpen the worn ring
  • Wide range of usages: ideal for working on curved surfaces, carving and shaping wood, plywood, laminate flooring, parquet (hardwood), particleboard, plastic, ice, rubber and more; Please note that is better to wear protective mittens when using the angle grinder, please make sure it is installed correctly before use
  • Practical power tools: adopting quality stainless steel, sturdy and durable, practical and not easy rust, which can serve you for a long time; Easy to use, and it is a nice way to remove a large amount of wood in a short period of time, even for this first time user

chainsaw mill Portable Chainsaw mill 36" Inch steel and Aluminum Planking Milling Bar Size Cutting Milling

$115.99  in stock
Amazon.com
as of August 28, 2022 10:26 am

Features

  • High Quality, steel and Aluminum Construction,Lighter and stronger
  • Chainsaw mill 36 inch length fits chainsaw bar length 10"-36”
  • Chain Saw Mill works for 36" diameter logs, Planking Milling Height & Width Adjustable
  • lightweight and tough tool; Turning your chain saw mill to a portable milling machine.you can mill your own lumber at home or in the woods
  • 100% Satisfaction Guarantee. lifetime warranty


Buying Guide

In a high-quality Stump Grinder Teeth, what do you look for? We should surely understand. When there are so many choices, it can be hard to decide which one is right for you. We’ve done a lot of research and put together lists that will help you narrow down your choices. You have to have a list of questions on your mind. It’s still important for you to do your own research even though Nola Women has done everything it can to help you. They are exactly what you need if you check out any relevant Stump Grinder Teeth.

Do you think it makes sense to invest in Best Stump Grinder Teeth. Which company has the most effective Stump Grinder Teeth in the current market?

There must be more questions in your head. If you want to find out what your answers are, you have to do your research and talk to someone who knows what they’re talking about. Asking an expert is one of the best things to do! Potential sources for this type of information include buying guides, word-of-mouth, rating websites, testimonials from previous customers who have purchased these products, and online forums devoted to discussing topics related to BestStump Grinder Teeth.

When making a decision, you should only trust the best sources. The top Stump Grinder Teeth is provided in our library. We use technology to create guides so you can be sure of what you get.

The list is completely objective and authentic because it was compiled with both big data and artificial intelligence. Top 10 lists for each category are developed using custom algorithms. There are many more options out there than just these two at the moment, but they will change frequently based on how fast technology improves.

A variety of factors, including but not limited to: are considered when building our list.

The data we have identifies what content users need.

 User behavior analytics gives us insight into how users interact with each platform we operate in order to make smarter design decisions for their site or app in the future.

In addition to these two factors, we also consider the following:

1- Price

If you want to purchase the highest quality Stump Grinder Teeth, you should compare prices. It is possible for some sellers to charge different amounts for their products because they have different costs associated with them such as taxes and shipping fees that must be factored in; however, Amazon offers great deals with the combo listings – just browse through other.

2- Brand Value

When buying a high-ranking Stump Grinder Teeth, price should not be the only consideration. It’s also critical to check the brand name and see if it’s well-established or less popular,ledged, as this will influence how much they cost compared to other brands of the same quality. Well-known brands for this type of product tend to cost more than lesser-known ones, but there’s also the issue of durability and efficiency – all depending on whether they’ve been around long enough.

3- Features

If the purchase is really necessary, you should ask yourself if it’s worth it. If it’s not for everyday use, you can save money by choosing an alternate option that will fit your budget better. Consider whether or not an item would be useful in determining what price range it would fall into. This is not to be lured into buying products outside of our comfort zone just because they look cheaper.

4- Product Reliability

Before making a big purchase, it is important to ask yourself if it will fulfill your needs in the long term. The products may or may not work for you, depending on their longevity and durability.

5- Pros and Cons of the product

If you want a product that has all the features you need, you need to read other reviews and ask people who have used it before. You can use this to understand what they think of it.

If any of the following applies to you, this product is for you:

You need an item that will last long enough to be used on a daily basis. You need it at an affordable price point so you don’t break your bank account or lose your faith.

6- Product Value

If you use The Most Valued Stump Grinder Teeth, you can easily evaluate and compare the value you receive from each product.

7- Service

It’s important to be aware of the quality before making a purchase. It is important to consider how long your purchase will last, as this will affect whether it was worth the investment in the first place.

8- Specifications

Getting to know the specifications of a product can give you an idea of its power.

9- Warranty

The last thing you should do is get a warranty on your product. How can this happen? If something happened to them or you wanted an exchange, I don’t know what you’d do. If the seller offers returns on wrong orders as well as faulty products delivered to your house, you can verify that. No matter how buyer beware you may feel when buying online, there is always a safety net in place just waiting for you.

10- Customer Reviews

If you’re about to make a big purchase, reading through customer feedback may be the last thing on your mind. This is an absolutely necessary step for us to know not only what we are getting into before making our purchases but also how well they will fulfill their promises. They will live up to our expectations.

Related Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *